At the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, we learned in volcano class that the first plants to emerge after a lava flow are ferns. Where the lava meets the road ferns now grow.
My husband and I followed the Chain of Craters Road and were amazed that land as far as the eye could see had been covered by lava at one time. And, at each stop, we saw ferns growing. I don't understand how ferns can grow in cracks of lava rock but not in my suburban garden in the Kansas City area. Maybe it has to do with the amount of rainfall in Hawaii. The day we visited the volcano it rained the whole time. But, since it was volcano day on our schedule, we made the most of it as did the other visitors. And, we didn't let a road closed sign stop us from exploring.
Though I was prepared for the weather, I wasn't prepared for the plants we saw on this journey.
It was fascinating to see palm trees growing where lava once flowed into the ocean.
In this same area of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park along the sea cliff is the Holei Sea Arch.
Back to the plants in the area; here's a few of the ones we saw at the park and some photographs of the Kilauea Caldera:
|One of many steam vents|
|Edge of the Kilauea Caldera|
|Steam from the volcano during the day|
|Volcano glow at night|